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What is ADR? - About the ADR regarding Road Transport of Dangerous Goods

What does ADR stand for?

ADR stands for 'Accord Dangereux Routier' which is in English the "European Agreement concerning the international carriage of Dangerous goods by Road"

 

European Agreement concerning the International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Road

ADR applicable as from 1 January 2011

 

 

 

The European Agreement concerning the International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Road (ADR) was done at Geneva on 30 September 1957 under the auspices of the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe, and it entered into force on 29 January 1968. The Agreement itself was amended by the Protocol amending article 14 (3) done at New York on 21 August 1975, which entered into force on 19 April 1985.

The Agreement itself is short and simple. The key article is the second, which say that apart from some excessively dangerous goods, other dangerous goods may be carried internationally in road vehicles subject to compliance with:

 

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the conditions laid down in Annex A for the goods in question, in particular as regards their packaging and labelling; and

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the conditions laid down in Annex B, in particular as regards the construction, equipment and operation of the vehicle carrying the goods in question.

   

 

Annexes A and B have been regularly amended and updated since the entry into force of ADR. Consequently to the amendments for entry into force on 1 January 2011, a revised consolidated version has been published as document ECE/TRANS/215, Vol. I and II ("ADR 2011").

The structure is consistent with that of the United Nations Recommendations on the Transport of Dangerous Goods, Model Regulations, the International Maritime Dangerous Goods Code (of the International Maritime Organization), the Technical Instructions for the Safe Transport of Dangerous Goods by Air (of the International Civil Aviation Organization) and the Regulations concerning the International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Rail (of the Intergovernmental Organisation for International Carriage by Rail). The lay-out is as follows:

 

Annex A: General provisions and provisions concerning dangerous articles and substances

Part 1

General provisions

Part 2

Classification

Part 3

Dangerous goods list, special provisions and exemptions related to limited and excepted quantities

Part 4

Packing and tank provisions

Part 5

Consignment procedures

Part 6

Requirements for the construction and testing of packagings, intermediate bulk containers (IBCs), large packagings and tanks

Part 7

Provisions concerning the conditions of carriage, loading, unloading and handling

Annex B: Provisions concerning transport equipment and transport operations

Part 8

Requirements for vehicle crews, equipment, operation and documentation

Part 9

Requirements concerning the construction and approval of vehicles

 

Applicability of ADR 2011 and limits of validity of previous editions published by the United Nations

 

Notwithstanding the transitional measures provided for in ADR 2011, which allow compliance with certain requirements contained in previous editions, the editions of ADR published by the United Nations which may be used for compliance are as follows:

Until 30 June 2011:

 

2009 edition (ECE/TRANS/202, Vol. I and II), as amended by document ECE/TRANS/WP.15/199, annex 1, and corrigenda 1, 3, 4 and 5

 

As from 1 January 2011:

2011 edition (ECE/TRANS/215, Vol. I and II).

 

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Why ADR?

Transport of dangerous goods needs to be regulated in order to prevent, as far as possible, accidents to persons or property and damage to the environment, the means of transport employed or to other goods. However, with different regulations in every country and for different modes of transport, international trade in chemicals and dangerous products would be seriously impeded, if not made impossible and unsafe. Moreover, dangerous goods are also subject to other kinds of regulations, e.g. work safety regulations, consumer protection regulations, storage regulations, environment protection regulations.

In order to ensure consistency between all these regulatory systems, the United Nations has developed mechanisms for the harmonization of hazard classification criteria and hazard communication tools (GHS) as well as for transport conditions for all modes for transport (TDG). In addition, the UNECE administers regional agreements that ensure the effective implementation of these mechanisms as far as transport of dangerous goods by road, rail and inland waterways is concerned.

 

What does ADR stand for?

ADR stands for 'Accord Dangereux Routier' which is in English the "European Agreement concerning the international carriage of Dangerous goods by Road"


 

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